Manuscript A: The Parker Chronicle

Physical Description of the Manuscript

Location and Identification

Corpus Christi College, Cambridge MS 173 fos. 1-32

Date

THIS INFORMATION IS YET TO BE COMPILED

Contents

A version of The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

Writing Surface

THIS INFORMATION IS YET TO BE COMPILED

Size

Size of the page
287 x 206 mm.
Size of written area (fos 1-16)
245 x 145 mm.
Size of written area (fos 17-18)
230 x 160 mm.
Size of written area (fos 19-30)
225 x 140 mm.

Condition

THIS INFORMATION IS YET TO BE COMPILED

Collation

This collation only includes the Chronicle section of MS A. All quires in this section consist of 8 folios.

Brief

I8 wants 1, II8 +1 after 8; 2 and 7 are half sheets, III8 +1 after 8; 3 and 6 are half sheets, IV8 wants 8.

Expanded

I8
wants 1 (fos 1-7)
II8
+1 after 8; 2 and 7 are half sheets (fos 8-16)
III8
+1 after 8; 3 and 6 are half sheets (fos 17-25)
IV8
wants 8 (fos 26-32)

Pictorial

Quires I and II were arranged such that the hair-sides of each sheet are on the outside of the quire. Quires III and IV were arranged so that hair faces hair and flesh faces flesh.

Pictorial representation of the collation

Page Layout

Decoration and Structure Markers

THIS INFORMATION IS YET TO BE COMPILED

Writing material

THIS INFORMATION IS YET TO BE COMPILED

Paleographic Description

THIS INFORMATION IS YET TO BE COMPILED

Chronicle Scribes

For a fuller description of the scribes and their hands, see Bately, xxi-xlii. A summary of these is given below:

Hand 1
Responsible for the main text to end of the first part of the annal for 891. Parkes dates hand 1 to 890-900. Dumville prefers an early 10th century date. Bately, Ker and Brown date Hand 1 to the late 9th or early 10th century. He cannot have been writing before 891.
Hand 1a
Responsible for the, now erased, material that concludes the annal 845.
Hand 1b
An interpolator, responsible for material in the annal 860.
Hand 2a
Writing not before 894.
Hand 2b
Writing not before 915.
Hand 2c
Hand 2d
Hand 2e
Hand 2f
Hand 3
Responsible for annals *924 to 955 and possibly for annal number 966. He also inserted annal 710. Ker dates his hand to the mid-tenth century and, because his insertion at 710 also appears in G, he was certainly writing before 1001x1012/13.
Hand 3a
Responsible for annal 951. Ker, Lutz and Dumville suggest that this entry was entered after the annal for 955. Bately points out that, though probable, this is not definite that annal 951 was entered after 955. An alternative is that the scribes of hands 3 and 3a could have been collaborating.
Hand 4
Responsible for annals 958 and 962 to 964.
Hand 4a
Hand 5
Responsible for annals 973 to 1001. He may also be responsible for 971 but not enough of this is still visible following erasure to determine this.
Hand 5a
Hand 5b
Hand 6
An interpolator, responsible for a marginal insertion to annal 688 and probably for an insertion into annal 728. He must have been writing before 1001x1012/13 as his added material was copied in to G.
Hand 6a
An interpolator, who added material to the end of annal 902. This scribe may have been working at Winchester and must have been writing after G was copied.
Hand 7
Responsible for the first part of annal 1070, possibly the annal numbers 1002 - 1070 (and perhaps beyond), and possibly additions to annals *924, *942, 955, 959, 961, 988, and erased material after annal 946.
Hand 7a
An interpolator responsible for additions in annals 870, 890 and possibly 993.
Hand 8
The F-scribe. Baker dates the production of "F" to 1100x1107, and Dumville conjectures that the F-scribe abandoned his interventions in "A" when he started "F". Responsible for many interventions in the text to 616:
Hand 8a
Responsible for annal 11. Baker considers this hand to be the work of the F-scribe.
Hand 8b
Responsible for annal 519.
Hand 8c
Responsible for annals 640, 725 and 748. Baker considers this hand to be the work of the F-scribe.
Hand 8d
Responsible for annals 760 and 768. Baker considers this hand to be the work of the F-scribe.
Hand 8e
Responsible for annal 784. Baker considers this hand to be the work of the F-scribe.
Hand 8f
Responsible for annal 924. Baker considers this hand to be the work of the F-scribe.
Hand 8g
Responsible for annal 940. Baker considers this hand to be the work of the F-scribe.
Hand 9
A Christ Church hand of 1100x1150, writing not before 1115. Responsible for the annals 1005 to 1066.
Hand 9a
An interpolator, responsible for the addition of Plegemund's obit. to annal *919.
Hand 10
Responsible for annals 1031, 1036, 1038 and the second part of 1070.
Hand 11
Responsible for the last seven words of annal 1066 and the alterations of annal numbers 1067 and 1068.
Hand 12
An annotator, possibly writing in the second quarter of the 11th century. Responsible for the addition of annals 200, 250, and 300
Hand 13
Responsible for the Acts of Lanfranc.

Medieval Hands

For a fuller description of the medieval hands, see Bately, xliii-xlvi. A summary of these is given below:

The Frithestan Annotator
This scribe was responsible for the annotations to the entry for 909, which records the accession of Frithestan to the see of Winchester. He was also responsible for the annotation to 853.
The Circle and Cross Annotator
Annotated a number of entries with a distinctive cross with a superimposed circle. Five of these annotations appear close to references to King Alfred (868, 871 (twice), 878, 887, 900). The other is close to a reference to the death of Eahlswith, his wife (904).

Early Modern Hands

For a fuller description of the early modern hands, see Bately, xliii-xlvi. A summary of these is given below:

John Joscelyn
John Joscelyn (1529-1603), was Archbishop Parker's secretary, and was responsible for entering a number of alternative readings and corrections: 381, 409, 423, 430, 443, 565, 604, 606, 610, 616.
Archbishop Parker
The Talbot Annotator
A 16th century annotator responsible for the marginal annotation in annal 892. He has been identified as the author of a similar comment in Manuscript E, a number of other comments in MS E, and notes in two other Parkerian manuscripts. See Bately, xlv.
William L'isle
L'isle may have been responsible for the annal number .dccccxxxviii. inserted before the blank annal for 939. He may also have been responsible for the interlined se in the annal for 905.
Abraham Wheloc
Lutz identified Abraham Wheloc (1593-1653) as responsible for the word geferum> inserted on the first line of folio 10v in annal 755.

Origin

THIS INFORMATION IS YET TO BE COMPILED

Provenance

Acquired in the mid-sixteenth century by Matthew Parker, archbishop of Canterbury, from Nicholas Wutton. It was bequeathed by Parker to Corpus Christi College, Cambridge in 1575 and has remained there since.

Binding

THIS INFORMATION IS YET TO BE COMPILED

Bibliography

THIS INFORMATION IS YET TO BE COMPILED


Copyright © 1996-2006, Tony Jebson <tony@jebbo.co.uk>, all rights reserved. Last modified 11th August 2007.